India gained independence in 1947 and Jawaharlal Nehru became the 1st Prime Minister of the country as he was the President of the Indian National Congress (INC) when India gained independence.  INC under Nehru won the 1st national elections held in 1952 (74% of total seats). Nehru led the Congress into the 2nd Lok Sabha elections held in 1957.


4 national parties and 11 state parties along with independents fought for 403 constituencies (494 Lok Sabha seats). Uttar Pradesh has the highest no. of seats (86), followed by Bombay  (66) and Bihar (53). While undivided UP and Bihar still have similar no. of seats, no. of seats of Bombay has reduced from 66 to now Maharashtra (48) as part of current Gujarat was part of Maharashtra then.

Congress was still the major political force in the country having given Indian independence from British. An important event which happened after the 1952 elections is…

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