History of Elections: 4th Lok Sabha (1967)


The 4th Lok Sabha elections were held in 1967. 7 national parties and 18 state parties along with independents fought for 520 constituencies.  Indira Gandhi led the Congress into the elections. After Nehru led Congress to a resounding victory in 1962 poll,s he died of a heart attack in 1964. He was succeeded by Lal Bahadur Shastri as 2nd PM of India.  Shahstri died under mysterious circumstances in Tashkent in 1966. He was succeeded by Indira Gandhi (Nehru’s daughter) as PM. She won a fierce internal battle with Morarji Desai for the post.

Though Congress came back to power with 283 seats, it barely got majority (+22) due to internal fighting within the party. Swatantra Party emerged as the 2nd largest party (+26 seats) while Bhartiya Jan Sangh emerged as the 3rd largest party (+21 seats). The Praja Socialist Party suffered a split with a section (led by George Fernandes) forming their own outfit named Samyukta Socialist Party. Surprisingly it did better than its parent party (+10 seats).

Congress lost heavily in Madras (-28 seats) and recorded losses in UP (-15 seats). Karunanidhi’s DMK bagged 25 seats in Madras making its debut. Swatantra Party gained in Gujarat, Rajasthan and Orissa. BJS gained in Delhi, UP and MP.

Name of Party Seats Won Change Votes %
INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS(INC) 283 (78) 41%
COMMUNIST  PARTY OF INDIA (CPI) 23 (6) 5%
PRAJA SOCIALIST PARTY (PSP) 13 1 3%
BHARTIYA JAN SANGH(BJS) 35 21 9%
SAMYUKTA SOCIALIST PARTY(SSP) 23 17 5%
SWATANTRA(SWA) 44 26 9%
COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MARXIST)( CPM) 19 19 4%
OTHER STATE PARTIES 43 15 10%
REGISTERED UNRECOGNISED PARTIES 2 (4) 0%
INDEPENDENT(IND) 35 15 14%
Total 520   100%

Some Interesting Facts

  • Voting population was 25 crores (2009 elections 71.4 crores)
  • Voting % was 56.57% (2009 elections 59.7%)
  • 2,369 candidates participated, 4.56 per constituency (2009 average 14.86)
  • 50.7% candidates lost their deposits (2009 elections 84.6%)
  • Women MPs were 5.6% (2009 it increased to 11%)
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