History of Elections: 15th Lok Sabha (2009)


Congress came back to power in 2009 with a stupendous performance. Congress got 206 seats while UPA got 260 seats (+42). Congress / UPA recorded strong performance in Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal. SP and BSP provided outside support. BJP lost 22 seats (mainly in Rajasthan, Maharashtra) while CPM lost 27 seats (mainly in Kerala and W.Bengal).

During 2004-09 economy performed really well. Plus BJP was weak. Vajpayee was bed ridden. Advani didn’t enjoy the same clout with RSS. Almost all regional parties were with Congress. Manmohan’s clean image also helped as UPA I didn’t have any scams. NREGA helped Congress get rural votes.

6 national parties and 357 state parties participated for 543 seats.

Parties Seats Won Change Votes%
INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (INC) 206 61 27%
BHARATIYA JANTA PARTY(BJP) 116 (22) 22%
SAMAJWADI PARTY(SP) 23 (13) 4%
BAHUJAN SAMAJ PARTY( BSP) 21 2 5%
JANTA DAL(UNITED) JD(U) 20 12 2%
ALL INDIA TRINAMOOL CONGRESS (TMC) 19 17 3%
DRAVIDA MUNNETRA KAZHAGAM(DMK) 18 2 2%
COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MARXIST)( CPM) 16 (27) 6%
BIJU JANTA DAL(BJD) 14 3 1%
SHIVSENA(SHS) 11 (1) 2%
NATIONALIST CONGRESS PARTY( NCP) 9 0 2%
ALL INDIA ANNA DRAVIDA MUNNETRA KAZHAGAM(ADMK) 9 9 2%
INDEPENDENT(IND) 9 4 4%
TELUGU DESAM PARTY (TDP) 6 1 3%
RASHTRIYA LOK DAL 5 2 0%
OTHER STATE / UNRECOGNISED PARTIES 41 (50) 15%
Total 543   100%

Source: Statistical Report, Election Commission of India, 2009 & Wikipedia

Some Interesting Facts

  • Voting population was 71.7 crores 
  • Voting % was 59.7%
  • 8,070 candidates participated, 14.86
  • 84.6% candidates lost their deposits
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