• The state has been a fiefdom of Congress party since its inception in 1957.
  • Even in 1978, after Janata Party assault nationally, Karnataka was one of the few states which Congress managed to retain.
  • In 1983, the first non-Congress government was installed in the state, under the leadership of Janata Party’s Ramkrishna Hegde.
  • He was the last Chief Minister to have returned to power in the state.

Seat Share of Parties since 1985

Party 1985 1989 1994 1999 2004 2008 2013
INC 65 178 34 132 65 80 122
Janata Party / Janata Dal / JDS 139 24 115 10 58 28 40
BJP+ 2 4 40 62 84 110 40
KCP 10
KJP 6
BSRCP 4
IND 13 12 18 19 13 6 9
OTHERS 5 6 7 1 4 0 3
TOTAL 224 224 224 224 224 224 224

Source: Election Commission of India

  • In last 3 elections INC has recorded an avg. vote share of 36%, BJP: 32% & JD(S) 20%.
  • Congress vote share shows a cyclical pattern, it fell from 43.6% in 1985 to 34.3% in 1994. Then it increased to 40.8% in 1999 before falling to 34.8% in 2008 when BJP won. It has been on increasing trend since then.
  • JDS vote share plunged to 10.4% in 1999 from a high of 43.8% in 1989. This is also due to split of the various Janata Dal constituents. A section of JD named JDU became a part of BJP led NDA.
  • JDS vote share has stabilized since then and has been in the range of 19%-21%.
  • BJP’s vote share plunged to sub 20% levels in 2013 when Yeddyurappa and Reddy brothers contested independently bagging 9.8% and 2.7% vote share. Both have since then returned. BJP’s vote share has been in the range of 30%-34%.

Vote share of Parties since 1985

karnataka1

Source: www.indiavotes.com, http://www.politicalbaba.com

Notes:

  1. Vote shares have been adjusted to arrive at the true strength of the three parties.
  2. JDS was formed in 1999. 1985 vote share is of Janata Party, and 1994 of Janata Dal respectively.
  3. BJP vote share includes Janata Dal United vote share in 1999 and 2004. 2013 vote share of BJP includes vote share of Karnataka Janata Party formed by Yeddyurappa and BSRCP formed by Reddy brothers, as both have merged with BJP.
  4. 1994 Congress vote share includes Karnataka Congress Party votes as well.

 

Advertisements