Bihar

Bihar is a very important state as it sends 40 MPs to Lok Sabha (7%). It will definitely play a key role in formation of next govt. at the center. Nitish has been CM of the state since 2005.

In Bihar, in the last three elections fight has been between Lalu + Paswan (Rashtriya Janata Dal + Lok Janshakti Party) and BJP + JDU (Nitish). Congress has been a marginal player.  Now with BJP and JDU no longer together, and JDU / RJD / Congress all vying for Muslim votes, BJP might gain.

Parties 1952 1957 1962 1967 1971 1977 1980 1984 1989 1991 1996 1998 1999 2004 2009
Congress 44 41 39 34 39 0 30 48 4 1 2 5 4 3 2
Communist Party of India 0 0 1 5 5 0 4 2 4 8 3 0 0 0 0
Samta Party 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 10 0 0 0
BJP 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 5 18 20 23 5 12
JD (U) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 18 6 20
JD 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 32 31 22 1 0 0 0
RJD 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 17 7 22 4
Bhartiya Lok Dal 0 0 0 0 0 52 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Regional Parties of Jharkhand 6 12 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 6 1 0 0 0 0
Others 4 0 13 14 9 1 20 4 3 1 2 1 2 4 2
Total 54 53 53 53 53 54 54 54 54 52 54 54 54 40 40

Source: Statistical Reports, Election Commission of India

2014 Lok Sabha Elections

In Bihar, the BJP and its allies bagged 31 seats out of 40. The BJP alone won on 22 seats while Ram Vilas Paswan’s Lok Janshakti Pary (LJP) and  the Rashtriya Lok Samata Party (RLSP)  won six and three seats respectively.

The ruling party Janata Dal (United) and the Congress were reduced to two seats each whereas Lalu Yadav’s  Rashtriya Janata Dal managed to get four seats but failed to retains Saran seat as Rabri Devi lost to BJP candidate Rajiv Pratap Rudy.

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