Politicalbaaba

Indian Politics & Elections Blog

7th Lok Sabha Elections

The 7th Lok Sabha elections were held in 1980, two years ahead of schedule. In 1977 Janata Party alliance won elections and formed govt. but there were inherent contradictions in coalition. Plus they had a thin majority of 295 seats. Many leaders had Prime Ministerial ambitions. Charan Singh withdrew support to the govt. in 1979 and Morarji Desai resigned. Charan Singh staked claim to form govt backed by Congress. Even he had to resign in 1980 as Congress backed out, he being in office for only 3 weeks.

6 national parties and 30 state parties contested for 542 seats. Congress again swept elections, 353 seats, up 199 seats from 1977. Split in Janata Party helped Indira. Janata Party (Morarji Desai) and Janata Party Secular (Charan Singh) fought separately and got 72 seats only. Congress came back strongly in UP and Bihar (81 seats). Janata Party (Secular) won 29 out of its 41 seats in UP. People voted for Congress as they didn’t want an ustable coalition govt. Something current generation voters must learn from. 12 constituencies of Assam didn’t go to polls along with national elections.

Name of Party Seats Won Change Votes %
INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (INC) (I) 353 199 43%
INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (INC) (U) 13 10 5%
COMMUNIST  PARTY OF INDIA (CPI) 10 3 2%
JANTA PARTY (JNP) 31 (223) 19%
JANTA PARTY(SECULAR)  JNP(S) 41 9%
CUMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MARXIST)( CPM) 37 15 6%
OTHER STATE PARTIES 34 (15) 8%
REGISTERED UNRECOGNISED PARTIES 1 (2) 1%
INDEPENDENT(IND) 9 0 6%
Total 529   100%

Source: Statistical Report, Election Commission of India, 1980

Some Interesting Facts

  • Voting population was 32.1 crores (2009 elections 71.4 crores)
  • Voting % was 54.49% (2009 elections 59.7%)
  • 2,439 candidates participated, 4.5 per constituency (2009 average 14.86)
  • 73.8% candidates lost their deposits (2009 elections 84.6%)
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