9th Lok Sabha Elections

The 9th Lok Sabha elections were held in 1989. Rajiv Gandhi (incumbent Prime Minister’s) image had taken a beating due to Bofors scam. VP Singh defence and finance minister resigned from Congress in aftermath of Boforos scam and formed Janata Dal. Janata Dal (143) along with outside support of BJP (85) and Communists (45) formed govt. with VP Singh as PM. This elections saw the rise of era of coalition politics and all govts. in India post that have been coalition govts. VP Singh won a fierce internal party battle and defeated Devi Lal and Chandrasekhar for the top post.

8 national parties and 105 state parties participated in the polls. Elections to Assam were  not held as rolls were not ready. Janata Dal won majority of its seats in Uttar Pradesh (54) and Bihar (32). BJP won majority of its seats in Madhya Pradesh (27). Congress lost badly in UP, MP, Rajasthan and Bihar (179 seats out of total decline of 217 seats).

Name of Party Seats Won Change Votes%
BHARATIYA JANTA PARTY(BJP) 85 83 11%
INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (INC) 197 (217) 40%
LOK DAL (LKD) 0 (3) 0%
COMMUNIST  PARTY OF INDIA (CPI) 12 6 3%
JANTA PARTY (JNP) 0 (10) 1%
CUMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MARXIST)( CPM) 33 11 7%
INDIAN CONGRESS SOCIALIST SARAT CHNADRA SINHA (ICS) 1 (4) 0%
JANTA DAL (JD) 143 143 18%
OTHER STATE PARTIES 27 (39) 9%
REGISTERED UNRECOGNISED PARTIES 19 19 6%
INDEPENDENT(IND) 12 (1) 5%
Total 529   100%

Source: Statistical Report, Election Commission of India, 1989

Some Interesting Facts

  • Voting population was 49.9 crores (2009 elections 71.4 crores)
  • Voting % was 59.27% (2009 elections 59.7%)
  • 6,160 candidates participated, 11.64 per constituency (2009 average 14.86)
  • 81.2% candidates lost their deposits (2009 elections 84.6%)
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