Sitaram Yechury was born on August 12, 1952 in chennai. he completed his M.A., first class, in Economics, from Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) in Delhi. Subsequently, he joined JNU for a Ph.D. degree which he could not complete due to his arrest during The Emergency. Yechury is married to journalist Seema Chisti, formerly the Delhi editor of BBC Hindi Service, she is presently the Resident Editor of Indian Express, Delhi. He has a daughter and a son from his first marriage.
Yechury joined the Students Federation of India (SFI) in 1974. A year later, he joined the Communist Party of India (Marxist). He was underground for some time, organising resistance to the Emergency, before his arrest in 1975. After the Emergency, he was elected as President of the JNU Students’ Union thrice during one year (1977–78).
In 1978, he was elected as All India Joint Secretary of SFI, and went on the become the All India President of SFI. He left SFI in 1986. In 1984, he was invited to the Central Committee of the CPI(M). He was elected to the Central Committee in the CPI(M) XII Congress in 1985, to the Central Secretariat at the Thirteenth Congress in 1988 and to the Politburo at the Fourteenth Congress in 1992.
He was elected to Rajya Sabha from West Bengal in July 2005. He is an Indian politician and one of the communist leaders in the country. He is a member of the politburo of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the party’s Parliamentary group leader.