Sushil Kumar Shinde was born on 4 September 1941 in Solapur, Maharashtra. Shinde completed his education with an honors degree in Arts from Dayanand College, Solapur; and later in law from Shivaji University. Sushilkumar Shinde is married to Ujwala S. Shinde and the couple have three daughters. His daughter Praniti Shinde is an MLA of Solapur, Maharashtra.
Shinde started his career as a bailiff in Solapur sessions court, where he served from 1957 till 1965. Later, he joined the Maharashtra State Police as a constable, and served as sub-inspector of police, Maharashtra state C.I.D. for six years under his C.I.D mentor Amukuraj Patil.
Shinde is a member of the Congress Party. He won the Maharashtra state assembly elections in 1978, 1980, 1985 and 1990. Shinde was elected to Rajya Sabha from Maharashtra during July 1992 to March 1998. In 2002, Shinde lost the election for the post of Vice-President of India contesting against the National Democratic Alliance candidate Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
He served as the chief minister of Maharashtra from 2003 to 2004 before being appointed as the Governor of Andhra Pradesh on October 30, 2004 replacing Surjit Singh Barnala, who became the Governor of Tamil Nadu. He left the office on January 29, 2006. Shinde was elected unopposed to the Rajya Sabha for second time from Maharashtra on March 20, 2006. Shinde became the leader of the ruling party in Lok Sabha after his predecessor Pranab Mukherjee was elected President of India
Shinde served as Power minister of India from 2006-2012. Later, he was appointed Home Minister of India in 2012.